is a city of Roman origin that the Emperor Octavian Augustus built
n 25BC to accommodate the war veterans of the Legions V and X.
Shortly after its foundation it was proclaimed the capital of Lusitania
and, later, of the Diocese Hispaniarum. During the first centuries
of Christianity, it was the archiepiscopal centre for twelve dioceses.
Evidence of it’s survival over more than two
thousand years is found from the significant archaeological site
which cohabits with the new city and in which one clearly finds
features of it’s Roman origin and it’s historical evolution
during various cultural stages : palaeochristian, Visigoth, Muslim
and Christian periods.
Its status as a capital is found
during certain periods, during which the city was developed,
alternating with other periods during which it was nothing
more than a country village. While becoming the centre of
the road and rail communications of Estremadura, it experienced
a new expansion in the middle of the 19th century.
It is currently the capital of the Autonomous
Community and it follows a model of urbanism which respects
and emphasizes its history while cohabiting with its present